Another example would be the harmonic minor scale , which has the scale formula:.
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Then you have your chord formulas , which also come from the major scale. For instance, the chord formula for a major chord is:. Which means that you take the 1st, 3rd, and 5th degrees of the major scale and play those 3 notes together. The result is a major chord. As I always say, we as guitarists view things a little bit differently then say, a piano or saxophone player.
This is due to the movable nature of the guitar. This is something that is not possible on other non-stringed instruments. So, as far as music theory in general is concerned, it is absolutely essential that you understand that the major scale is the basis from which all music is derived.
However, as far as just jamming on the guitar is concerned, I find a much better starting point to be the pentatonic scale:. You have your minor pentatonic scale :. And you have your major pentatonic scale :. Both are the exact same scales, and contain the exact same notes.
The only difference is the location of the tonic note. Review those two introductory lessons on the major and minor pentatonic scale. Therefore, this simple pattern can be played anywhere on the guitar, in any key. They just want some simple patterns that they can play and apply to any key…. The formula for the pentatonic major scale is:. The reason that it looks like more than just two notes are being added is because these diagrams extend the scale throughout more than just one octave.
C Minor Pentatonic Scale: The Ultimate Guide - National Guitar Academy
That is one octave. Whereas, the pentatonic major scale only has 5 notes before it repeats. Both scales will work! You can either keep it simple and just stick to the pentatonic scale shape, or you can add in some extra notes for added flavoring by playing the full major scale. Either one will work.
Your tonic note is always going to be your point of resolution, and it will be the same for both the major and the major pentatonic scale. However, here is another way to play the exact same scale which makes it much easier to visualize the scale degrees:. The red dot on the low E-string will be located on the exact same fret for both.
Practice here over drum backings and metronomes will develop this. In terms of the tempo, set the metronome at a comfortable tempo maybe bpm in 4 beats per bar and play something your very comfortable playing along with the metronome. The metronome is setting the beat while your playing should attempt to be right on the beat. A key point here is while you are doing this, you should be listening to the metronome or your drum beat more than you are listening to your own playing. You may strum different sub-divisions of the beat at different times, but you need to keep the same tempo as the metronome.
To understand this I would suggest searching youtube for videos on practicing with a metronome and also do some searching to read up on the different sub-divisions of the beat that are common. Some other possible reasons it is sounding out, is you need to make sure your guitar is correctly tuned, as this would make it sound out.
Best way here is simply get an electronic tuner or if you use a smart phone, there will be tuner apps you could explore on your phone. Ok, I write songs and know what sounds good to the ear for rhythm guitar. But I find myself drawing a blank with lead.
Is there a trick to coming up with a good lick consisting of the notes I used. Or is there a scale consisting of A , A, and G? Much appreciated. Those notes would be part of many larger scales. Some main examples would be G natural minor, G dorian or Bb Major. To learn to phrase with the notes of a scale takes a lot of time experimenting with the notes to come up with phrases that sound good to you. You can also look at the phrasing of some of the lead players you like to start to get ideas. I really wanna thank you for helping me figure out a way of being a good guitarist, my favourite lead for that matter……………….
Thankssss once again….. I will everly remain indepted to your writeup….. Keep up the good work Sire! Thank you for your information on these scales. GuitarOrb Admin GO has repeatedly done a great job explaining what it is. However, I think that there is some confusion caused by a lack of understanding. On the 6th string, the root is the G located on the third fret. Hence, that is the red dot. If you were to play a scale for a G, that is where one would begin. Note that a G chord also has a G note played on the first string — the top string, also called the first string.
It is the thinnest string. Again, in this case, that would be the root. Consider a C chord. The scales with the root on the 5th string are the ones you want to use in this case. When I teach, I initially try to get the student to learn the notes on all strings up to and including the fifth fret. Because it speeds learning down the road. As one becomes more versed and proficient in the guitar, it is a very simple issue to learn the notes up to and beyond the 12th fret… all the way to the bottom of the neck to where it joins the body.
But, in the beginning, it is essential to learn every note — — sharp, natural, and flat — on each string up to the 5th fret. The difference when one comes to the B and G strings 2nd and 3rd strings can be confusing, but with a little practice, it becomes a non issue. My point here is that too many people try to jump too far ahead without learning the basics.
Learning to play the guitar has absolutely no bound. There is literally no limit to what you can do or where you can go. But, you need the theory to start off.
You need the foundation. Not to hijack the site at all — just my observations. GuitarOrb has a magnificent site here. The concept of learning all notes up to the 5th fret first is a very good idea, and will also help you play with others and even apply the concepts to vocal harmonies. I played very seriously and was on the road for many years and then almost stopped for over 20 years when I went back to school.
Four years ago I started back up when we had a death in the family… What is interesting is that I almost never played scales before the hiatus… I was a fingerstyle player and knew many picking patterns and embellishments, but was rather poor at regular electric guitar solos… After I started back playing again, all of the sudden I was using scales or portions of them in my writing and playing more lead type of lines rather than just chord fragments that were picked or embellished. I am so happy to have found this site and scale charts… I will say this… If you learn and know the scales, the language of music is an infinite well from which you can craft what you want to say with your hands and your heart.
Playing without them unless you know chords is kind of like trying to speak without language… sound comes out, but may not mean anything…. And remember that the chords we play come from these scales….
Back then we really did not have the resources that exist today so my lead playing was limited to what ever I could pick up on my own. I taught myself chords, open and barre and really my approach to leads was pretty much just play single notes based off of the chord that was being played. I want to learn scales and positions and in my mind then I will be able to play leads to whatever chord progression a song may have. So my question is what scales should I concentrate on to play Classic Rock music, which is the style I like. Your first emphasis for these styles would be minor pentatonic, blues scale and then natural minor in that order.
The second thing I would like to suggest is to also keep your old knowledge of playing single note chord tones and learn to integrate this and combine it with your newly learned scale knowledge. It is often the case that the chord tone is a note of the scale and is often a note that is emphasised during many solos.
I would try to approach it as furthering your existing soloing with scales rather than replacing it.
My biggest struggle is knowing which scale to use over any given chord or key. I think related to this it is very important to understand how to form chords from scales, as described in my article on this. Probably the main approach to start with here is when you see a chord progression, you need to know what the tonic or root of the progression is and figure out which scale has been used to form those chords.
You can then use this scale to form a solo. For example if you see the chord progression C Am F G repeated then this is in the key of C major and these chords are formed from the C major scale, so the C major scale would be your first choice, scales like C natural minor will not really work here.
Ruthless Minor Pentatonic Scales Over 3 Octaves
Anywhere you use the natural minor or dorian, you can also use the minor pentatonic or blues and you can also use these on dominant chords in blues to give it a blues feel. I think understanding this sort of concept is the best place to start in understanding what scale you should use. Hi GO, Thanks for this site I think its quite valuable. My question is just looking at the pentatonic finger pattern is straight forward for the 6th string, but Im not understanding the 2nd pattern on the 5th string.
Are they meant to be tonally different? My example if you use the first pattern and say just the first four notes at C 8th Fret and then use the 2nd pattern on C 3 Fret 5th string the scale is not the same note wise is there a quick explanation for this, or could you please tell me what im missing.